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At the end of the 40s, the pacifist conscientious objectors found in the appearance of the communes one of the few ways in which they could constructively continue to fulfil the ideals of fraternity and non-violence.
The new communal communities organized themselves into The Fellowship of Intentional Communities that was the main focal point of communal activity in the 50s.
The Fellowship numbered about a dozen communities, the majority of which had been founded and run by pacifists.
Two of these communities, Macedonia and Koinonia, constituted the core of the Fellowship.