Commodities such as, agriculture and durable dry goods where often seen as easy targets for shipping predators of African Muslim states. The Barbary Coast of Africa had a history of kidnapping the crews of US merchant vessels, as well as other nations ships for ransoms. As bribery scheme to stop these high seas crimes, these barbaric muslim pirates demanded an annual lump sum ransom and often times extorted countries to pay them in advance not to do it. This was plain extortion, and stupidly other European nations paid the small ransom requests then sending out their Navies. For them it was cheaper and easier then paying for a military campaign. This muslim form of extortion could be viewed like the old NYC mobs insurance policies of protection offered to small business merchants. The Continental Congress agreed to the extortion, and the administrations of Presidents George Washington, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson unwillingly followed suite in paying these Muslim extortionists right from the onset of our federal governments founding in
Extra Superbgeneric or trademark backmark, manufactured by an English producer. Fine Qualitygeneric or trademark backmark. James P Fitch began military goods business inand formed a partnership with Howard Waldo in George Floyd Philadelphia, operating in the 's.
John FraserNew York. Giltgeneric or trademark backmark denoting quality, producer is not determined. Jacob Gminder operated during the Civil War, yet most of his buttons were supplied after reconstruction. Goddard was an outfitter, most buttons were made by Scovill.
Goldsboro Rifles was a North Carolina unit, Scovill originall manufactured a custom backmark for them, but later used the back on other buttons. Goodwins operated after the Civil War. Gourdin et Cie was a French maker of high quality buttons. Most buttons supplied to the American Civil War were Naval.
Ethelbert Halfmann was a clothier operating from Montgomery Alabama before the war, buttons were supplied by Scovill. Henry C Harper operated Philadeplphia late 19th century. Hebbert Co. London, England. Horstmann companiesPhiladephhia was a major manufacturer of uniforms and other equipment.
The buttons were subcontracted with many of the other button manufacturers. Imperial Orange Giltgeneric or trademark, manufacturer not determined. Imperial Qualitygeneric or trademark, manufacturer not determined.
Military and all metal buttons
Imperial Rich Giltgeneric or trademark, manufacturer not determined. Imperial Standar generic or trademark, manufacturer not determined. Independent CadetsVermont militia unit, Artillery. Jansen, RotterdamButtons were probably produced in England and smuggled through the blockade.
Charles Jennens was a button maker operating in London England in the 19th century. Most buttons produced by this maker were non military. Ives and Kendrick operated Waterville Connecticut to Kent Paine was an outfitter supply uniforms to Virginia and North Carolina.
Their buttons were made by Scovill.
Leavenworth operated various partnerships, to E M Lewis started out as a stencil maker in Richmond Va, then sold buttons during the war. Tomes then operated under various names and making a variety of military goods through the Civil War. Columbus, Ohiomanufactured 's or later. The high relief pattern is set on a lined field with a round picture frame raised border edge.
Baldwin Collection. The high relief pattern is set on a lined field with a flat round picture frame border and a Thin Rope Edge Trim. The back mark dates this specimen dates frombut the pattern might have come around earlier.
Lewis Tomes Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. Excavated in Keedyville, Maryland. Color: A Golden Brass Yellow. Color: An Olive Grey. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with a plain edge.
Size: 19 mm. There are two known die variants, one that is a little bigger with 20 six pointed stars on the border, and a smaller example with square notches. What the style pattern tells me, is that it is the same style as a Jacksonian Political Reverse Style Button. Within the shield is a raised anchor within on a lined field.
The high relief pattern is on a lined field with a decorative Square Notch Border. Color: Dripping Gold! Size: 21 mm.
Dating in the Navy
Republic of Texas is in large Roman Font letters arced in the top legend. Reverse Button Analysis: This is a two-piece flat construction with a soldered on loop shank.
Color: Soft Brown Leather. The stipples combined from the star and moon equal The star and moon is depicted above a Large Raised Navy Anchor.
Color: A Coppery Golden Brown. They made both a coat and matching cuff. The anchor shows the top ring folded over with a rope coming off the left hand side. The rope goes under the stock, shaft, and right fluke, then ends dangling below the crown. This is a very popular button for early southern collectors.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The Independence was taken by Mexico at Velasco, and the Liberty was sold to cover the costs of the repairs.
Navy Button: Peacoat Black Plastic. Navy Button: Navy Working Uniform - 30 ligne. Navy Button: Screw Back with Tube - gold. Navy Button - Screw Back Flat Black with Tubes. Button Toggles - set of Uniform Button: Fatigue - olive drab 30 ligne. Navy Button Set - Silver 28 Ligne linked. Navy Button Silver Eye Back - 22 1/2 Ligne. 18th & 19th Century United States Navy Regulation Issue Buttons United States Navy 13 Five Point Stars By the early 's, America's small Navy was sailing the around the world trying to desperately protect it's arboriculture, agriculture, and material exports. Military and all metal buttons Kawashima's art fabrics Smithsonian Libraries, Natural History Building, 10 th St. and Constitution Ave. NW, Washington DC, | .
Texas began rebuilding their Navy into deter Mexico from trying to take back territory from the war of Texas Independence. The new fleet was going to be comprised of 3 schooners, 2 brigs, a steam packet, and a supply ship. The Crown has a Slight Raised Barb with two large fluke ends. There is a small banner ribbon on both the left and right hand-side of the anchor. Surrounding the inner pattern is an Oak Wreath on the right side, and a Laurel Wreath on the left.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a Convex two-piece construction with a soldered on loop shank. Color: Tarnished Brass. The pattern is set on a Flat Evenly Lined Field. Color: Tarnished Brown. This unlisted variant must have been used for a brief time since 2 different manufacturers produced the pattern. There is a medium size Vertical Oval Shield covering over the eagles left wing. The cable comes off the Anchors Upright Top Ring and goes under the stock, shaft and left fluke.
There is 17 Asterisk Type Stars encircling the eagle. This is a replaced shank, but is straight, and intact. The shank is straight and intact. Color: White Wash Rusty Red. This high relief pattern is set on an Irregular Lined Field.
All images of buttons or any item on this website are for illustration purposes only. The images are confined to the companies that hold the trademark for those logos or slogans. Any use of those logos or images without written consent from that company is strictly forbidden. Feb 28, PEACOAT DATING I first became interested in vintage Navy peacoats while trying to replace a coat my brother-in-law had given me in about when he got out of the Navy. Initially, I bought two of them, one at an Army Navy surplus store and one on . Neither had the same outer shell finish as the original one I had liked so well. Apr 06, There are many different backmarks for US Navy buttons dating from the 's and 's, as well as many post-Civil War backmarks. There were many different manufacturers, and different backmarks made by the same manufacturers due to different dies or special backmarks for a customer (with their name or company).
There is also another cuff variation of this pattern with 14 stars. The shank is broken.
Picture courteous of Harry Ridgeway. One with the rope passing left to right, and the other with the rope passing right to left. In this variant, the anchor is a bit more pronounced, and shows Thicker Flukes.
This is followed by a Thin Rope Edge Borderwhich outlines a center-wide plain oval border with an outside pipe rope edge. The high relief inside pattern is set on a lined field. The high relief inside pattern is set on an Evenly Thin Lined Field. Color: Rich Gold. H Scovill Scovill09 from to The small piece of the rope ends dangles under the right fluke.
This is followed by an inner circling pipe rope border. The pattern is depicted in a center wide oval picture frame with outside pipe rope edging. The whole inside pattern is also set on an evenly lined field. The anchor is a bit more pronounced with a Nice Thick Barbed Crown with wide flukes. The pattern is depicted in a center wide oval picture frame with an outside pipe rope edging.
Dating us navy buttons
The whole inside pattern is set on an evenly lined field. There is a center wide oval picture frame with outside pipe rope edging. Color: Aged Gold. The Eagle is Facing Left in this variant. The high relief inside pattern is set on an evenly lined field. We also know that W. Smith was an outfitter, and the buttons were manufactured by Scovill. The button depicts a Perched Eagle on an Barbed Anchor facing left.
This is followed by a thin pipe rope edge, which leads into a plain center wide oval border with an outside Pipe Rope Edge. Reverse Button Analysis: A one-piece button with a loop shank.
Color: Two Tone Gold. Color: Tarnished Brass Yellow.
Uniform Buttons of the United States - , by Warren thefoodlumscatering.com Dating buttons; A Chronology of Button Types, Makers, Retailers & Their Backmarks, by Warren K. Tice. Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers, by Bruce S. Bazelon and William F. Guinn. Vintage Military Buttons, Lot of 25, US Navy Buttons, Military Coat & Pant Buttons, Anchor Buttons Military Button Lot, Black Buttons Anchor AmocatVintage 5 out of 5 stars $ $ $ (10off). Over time, the silver backing that lets the rear view mirror on your Buick Regal reflect images can start to fade or peel. This can cause your Regal to fail inspection. The Regal LS has a standard rear view mirror, while the mirror in the Regal GS contains an electronic harness used to connect the mirror's.
The pattern was manufactured for 15 years, and several companies had more then one back mark. There is 13 Five-Pointed Stars that encircle the eagle. The high relief pattern is set on an evenly lined field with an inner raised border and an outer Beveled Rope Edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a two-piece button with a loop shank. Color: A Faded Black. Size: 35mm. There are three known die variants. One with periods after the initials, and without periods; and one with a vertical anchor with periods.
The size and slant on the horizontal anchor specimens also differ.
Lastly, there are some specimens in all three variants without raised rims around the sew holes. Underneath, there are Three Raised Five-Pointed Stars stretching from the center to the raised border. There is a Horizontal Raised Anchor with a slanted stock on the bottom. The high relief pattern is set on a stippled field with a large round border. Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with four holes. Color: A Dusty Dirt Black. Underneath, there are Three Beveled Five-Pointed Stars stretching from the center to the raised border.
Color: A Dark Black. There are three known die variants for this pattern. In the bottom legend is a Small Vertical Fouled Anchor. The rope end dangles below the right crown.
The high relief pattern is set on a Stippled Field with a large round edge. Color: A Sandy Grey. Size: 33mm. Over the anchor is a set of Cross Cannons with a notched out cross in the center.
Identifying US Military Uniform Button Backmarks - Age, Type, Design, and Construction Button Art, Button Crafts, Metal Buttons, Vintage Buttons, Seal Design, Type Design, Metal Detecting, Coin Collecting, Vintage Sewing. Saved from thefoodlumscatering.com Discover ideas about Button Art. Identifying US Military Uniform Button Backmarks - Age.
This cross is accompanied by an adjoining sew hole. Etsy may send you communications; you may change your preferences in your account settings. Forgot your password?
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